Chordoma is a slow growing (low-grade), cancerous (malignant) bone tumor. These tumors most commonly affect the sacrum, spine, or base of the skull.
Chordoma is a slow growing, malignant (cancerous) bone tumor. It is a very rare bone sarcoma, or cancerous tumor, that commonly affects the ends of the spine, including the base of the skull and sacrum. Without treatment, chordomas can metastasize, or spread, throughout the body.
Localized pain and the presence of a mass can indicate the presence of a chordoma. Chordomas are slow growing, cancerous tumors that have the ability to spread to other parts of the body if not treated.
Radiographic imaging is used to help form a diagnosis of Chordoma. These include X-Ray, MRI, CT and Bone Scans.
An example of an X-ray is shown.
Chordomas are difficult to treat due to the location of where they commonly occur, however, radiation and a wide en bloc resection surgery are often used to treat chordoma. Additionally, this type of surgery may reduced the risk of the tumor coming back (recurrence). Extensive curettage and cryosurgery may also be used to treat chordomas intraoperatively.
Surgical treatment includes wide or radical resections to remove the complete tumor and additional margins. The removal of additional, surrounding margins ensures that the tumor is completely removed and decreases the chances of the tumor coming back.
Intralesional Curettage means to scoop the tumor out using a spoon-like tool called a curette. This is a surgery that aims to remove the mass and restore the bone so that the patient can get back to normal function. The ABC is identified within the bone and scooped, or curetted, out. The cavity is then shaved down with a Midas Rex Drill, which is similar to a dental drill. This drill removes more tumor cells. It is a specialized technique that only a handful of surgeons in the country know how to perform. Once the tumor is removed, liquid nitrogen may be poured into the bone cavity to freeze the area to sub zero temperatures in order to kill microscopic tumor cells. This reduces the chances of the tumor coming back to less than 5%. Warm fluid is also used to prevent normal tissues from freezing.
Radiation is a treatment option for some cancers. Radiation therapy is a localized treatment that utilizes high-energy particles or waves to kill cancerous cells. Because radiation therapy is a localized treatment, it only affects the area in which it is set to target and therefore eliminates the risks of damaging healthy cells throughout the body. Not only is it used to treat cancer, but it can also decrease the chances of the cancer from recurring. Lastly, radiation may be used in conjunction with other treatments, such as surgery or chemotherapy, to treat cancers.
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Myself and my amazing team are dedicated to saving your life and your limb. Losing a limb because of a tumor can be a terrifying experience. But, it does not have to be the only option. I’ve spent 20+ years as a Board-Certified Orthopedic Surgeon and Orthopedic Oncologist.
I’ve devoted my career to helping children and adults afflicted with bone and soft tissue masses by performing complex limb saving surgeries. Most patients can have their limb saved, which may require innovative techniques.
Patients afflicted with musculoskeletal tumors have complex conditions that are best taken care of at large hospitals. I am the Chairman of Orthopedics and Chief of Orthopedic Oncology at Morristown Medical Center. My philosophy is a multidisciplinary team approach, working together to tailor treatment to individual patients. Education and research are essential to my practice, providing the best setting for extraordinary patient care. Because of this, we have some of the top results in the country.